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Antifungal medications treat fungal diseases. Fungi are a type of germ that can cause diseases in humans and animals. Some common types are yeast diseases, athlete's foot, and ringworm. These antifungal drugs work by killing or inhibiting the growth of fungi.

These fungal infections can occur in any part of the body, but they are most commonly found on the skin. Fungal skin infections can cause discomfort and irritation, such as redness and itching, but they can usually be treated with over-the-counter or prescription medications. But, in some cases, these infections can worsen and lead to sepsis, mainly in individuals with weakened immune systems.


Symptoms of fungal infections vary depending on the type of fungus and the area of the body affected. Common symptoms include red, scaly, and itchy skin rashes. In some cases, hair loss may occur if the scalp is affected. Many fungal infections can be managed at home with over-the-counter medications, but if the infection worsens or does not improve with treatment, it is best to consult a doctor.

The use of antifungal medications has a long history. Some of the earliest examples of antifungal agents were natural substances. Such as willow bark and propolis. In the 19th century, the antifungal properties of many plant extracts were discovered. Including quinine and pyrethrum. In the 20th century, synthetic antifungal drugs reformed the cure of fungal diseases.

One of the first synthetic antifungal medications was Griseofulvin. 

Antifungal medications can be taken

  • As an oral pill
  • applied topically
  • or injected

depending on the type of infection. Also, it is vital to follow the cure plan said by your doctor. It will help to clear up the disease and stop it from coming back.


There are different types of fungal infections, including tinea, athlete's foot, jock itch, candida, and pityriasis Versicolor. Tinea, also known as ringworm, affects the hair, skin, or nails, and is characterized by a small red area that spreads out in a ring shape. An athlete's foot is a fungal infection that commonly affects the feet, particularly between the toes. Jock itch is a fungal infection of the groin and upper thighs, which can affect both men and women. Candida is a yeast that commonly affects the skin around the nails or moist areas of the body. Pityriasis Versicolor is a rash caused by a fungus that is commonly found on the chest, shoulders, and back, especially in teenagers.


They work by killing or stopping fungal growth. Fungi cause diseases in humans and animals. There are many types of antifungal drugs, and they work in many ways to kill or slow down the growth of fungi.


  1. Azoles

They work by stopping the fusion of ergosterol, a component of the fungal cell wall.

  1. Polyenes

They work by binding to ergosterol and disrupting the integrity of the fungal cell membrane.

  1. Allylamines

These drugs have terbinafine in them. They work by inhibiting the fusion of ergosterol and other sterols needed for fungal growth.

  1. Echinocandins

These drugs have caspofungin and micafungin in them. They work by inhibiting the fusion of the fungal cell wall called chitin.

Here is a list of some popular brand names for antifungal medications, along with their uses:


  1. Diflucan

This drug is used to treat a wide range of fungal diseases, including

  • Yeast infections
  • Meningitis
  • Infection of the urinary tract, lungs, and blood.
  1. Sporanox

This drug treats diseases of the nails, skin, and hair, as well as of the mouth, throat, and lungs.

  1. Nizoral

It treats fungal diseases of the skin, nails, and hair, as well as diseases of the mouth and throat.

  1. Fungizone

It helps in the cure of serious or life-threatening fungal diseases. Such as those that have spread to the blood or organs.

  1. Mycostatin

It cures diseases of the mouth and throat.

  1. Lamisil

This drug helps to treat fungal diseases of the nails and skin, including athlete's foot and ringworm.

  1. Cancidas

It is helpful to cure serious or life-threatening fungal diseases. Such as those that have spread to the blood or organs.

  1. Mycamine

This drug is used to treat a variety of fungal diseases. Including those of the blood, respiratory tract, and urinary tract.


To reduce the risk of fungal infections and stop them from spreading, it is vital to practice good hygiene. Such as

  • drying the skin after bathing
  • washing clothes and bed linen regularly
  • wearing clean footwear in communal areas
  • avoiding sharing personal items such as towels and hairbrushes.

Besides, individuals with diabetes should keep their blood sugar levels under control to lower the risk of fungal infections. If someone in the family has scalp ringworm, it is vital to disinfect items such as pillows, hats, and combs with bleach and water to prevent the spread of the infection.

Antifungal medications are drugs that help treat fungal diseases. There are many types of antifungal drugs, including azoles, polyenes, allylamines, and echinocandins. They work in their way to kill or inhibit the growth of fungi. Yet, it is vital to finish the full course of treatment as said by a doctor, even if the infection seems to end. Finishing the full course helps stop the infection from coming back. Also, antifungal medications can cause side effects in some people. Thus, let your doctor know if you notice any side effects while taking such drugs.